About England

Facts about England:

  • Full Name: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
  • Flag: The Union Flag (Union Jack)
  • Type of Government: Constitutional monarchy
  • Head of State: Queen Elizabeth II
  • Capital City: London (population: 8,615,000) is the capital of the UK and of England.
  • Main Cities: London, Manchester, Leeds, Birmingham, Liverpool, Glasgow, Edinburgh, Cardiff
  • Highest mountain: Ben Nevis in Scotland, at 1,343m (4,406 ft)
  • Climate: Temperate, normally not going much below zero even in the depths of winter, and never much above 25 degrees centigrade in summer. Most of the time it is between 10 and 20 degrees centigrade during the day.
    Annual mean temperature: London 9.7C
    Annual mean rainfall: London 753mm
  • Total land area: 244,110 sq km (94,251 sq miles) Just under half the size of France.
  • Major languages: English, Welsh, Irish Gaelic, Scottish Gaelic
  • Main Religion: Church of England (Anglican)
  • Major ethnic groups: Anglo-Saxons, Scots, Welsh, Irish, West Indians, Pakistanis, Indians
  • There are over 300 spoken languages in London.
  • Less than 5% of the people in England attend church more than twice a month.


Fun Facts:

  • The first public theater built in England was called The Theatre.
  • Beef is one of England’s biggest exports.
  • British police do not carry guns except in emergencies.
  • The treasures contained in the British Museum span over 4,000 years of world civilization.
  • An Englishman drinks more tea than any person of any other nation.
  • In Chester you can only shoot a Welsh person with a bow and arrow inside the city walls and after midnight.
  • London is the world’s largest financial centre.
  • Windsor castle is the oldest and largest royal residence in the world still in use.
  • French was the official language of England from 1066 to 1362.
  • Even though being the sovereign of The United Kingdom, Her Majesty the Queen is not allowed to enter the City of London without seeking the permission of its Lord Mayor.

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